Simply put, impact is the effect, change or benefit to the non-academic world which occurs as a consequence of your research. Keep asking yourself from the start of the research process: What could happen as a result of my research? Who could it benefit – and how? What can I do to help this to happen?
Research England defines research impact as ‘…an effect on, change or benefit to the economy, society, culture, public policy or services, health, the environment or quality of life, beyond academia.’ *
That’s quite an inclusive list! So when you’re planning your research impact, it might benefit to think creatively, beyond just the obvious. However you do also need to be realistic. Research impact is about results – what has actually happened.
So that could be lives saved, jobs created, income generated, terrorism plots thwarted, species saved from extinction – but equally the impact could be more nuanced, such as changes in social or cultural perceptions or behaviour, increased quality of life, improved performance – in sport, art & design, business, government, engineering, technology, the list goes on.
For some excellent examples of how Hallam researchers are generating impact from their work, visit the Hallam Research in Action pages.
Why the emphasis on research impact?
Research impact isn’t new. Research has had an impact on the world since the invention of the wheel.
What has change in recent years is the increased emphasis on maximising the potential benefit of your work and demonstrating that your work has generated impact.
Some research funders ask for a ‘pathways to impact’ statement as part of the grant submission. This is to encourage researchers to plan how their work might achieve impact right from the start, and provide costings for impact activities throughout the life of the project to maximise the impact potential.
And at the other end of the project lifecycle, achieved research impact is rewarded in the Research Excellence Framework (REF) with the highest scoring impact case studies being rewarded financially (on average, £46K for a 4* case study, £10K for a 3* in REF2014).**
How do you generate research impact?
Now this is where it gets a bit more complicated. Research impact is not an exact science and there are many different routes to achieving impact goals. You are most likely to generate research impact if you plan well and make time for impact activities throughout the lifecycle of your project.
Some impact is the result of good luck, being in the right place at the right time. However, you are more likely to know where and when the right place and time is if you plan in advance and make time for impact activities!
This is where these webpages will help. The resources page provides a searchable list of guidance, toolkits, online training, etc. which you can access in your own time and to address your own specific needs. The Impact Support Programme lists scheduled events, workshops, training and seminars which develop impact-related skills and/or knowledge. We try to record our online events where possible, so you can access previous webinars in your own time.
However you decide to generate impact from your research, please contact us with any feedback, good or bad, so that we can make these webpages as useful as possible.
SHU Research Impact team
|* Research England's definition of research impact for REF|
|** How much was an impact case study worth in the UK Research Excellence Framework? Fast Track Impact Magazine, Spring/Summer 2017|