Internationalising the Curriculum means designing a curriculum which aims to expose students to global perspectives within all subject disciplines, with the aim of creating graduates who will be effective and responsible citizens in a multi-cultural world.
You present your discipline in a wider cultural context, explore how it is represented and understood within other cultures and place subject knowledge in a global context which is not only western or secular. This enables international students and home students to share their cultural knowledge on equal terms, moving beyond the superficial. For home students this helps to develop cross-cultural competence by allowing them to become aware of their own culture and perspectives as well as building the confidence to question their own values and those of others responsibly and ethically.
The underlying ethos is to develop an understanding of being a global citizen and through critical debate, to engage with issues of equity and social justice, sustainability and the reduction of prejudice, stereotyping and discrimination. These values not only contribute to personal and professional qualities, but are valued by employers and therefore contribute to graduate employability.
Most toolkits offer a checklist of questions which apply to student learning and the teaching of a module or course along with suggestions, examples, case studies and links to other resources. Below is a selection from a number of different sources.
Sheffield Hallam University – Inclusive Practice Curriculum Design Lens
There are a number of Veiwpoints Design Lenses for use in the design and validation of course, one of which is focuses on Inclusive Practice.
Viewpoints Design Lens – http://blogs.shu.ac.uk/curriculumdesign/course-design-guide/tools-and-resources/
Sheffield Hallam University – Intercultural Skills for Employability
This toolkit is designed to enable academics, work placement providers, participating companies and students themselves to share good practice, expertise and knowledge and gain a deeper understanding of the value of intercultural skills for students’ future employability. We also hope that the online resource will encourage more students, staff and employers to engage in activities which develop our students’ intercultural skills and improve their future employability.
Intercultural Skills for Employability – https://blogs.shu.ac.uk/interculturalskillsforemployability/?doing_wp_cron=1462548577.3060901165008544921875
Oxford Brookes University – Internationalising the Curriculum Resource Kit
Internationalising the Curriculum Resource Kit provides definitions of and includes Ideas for internationalising course content, as well as useful links and a fuller discussion about internationalising the curriculum.
Internationalising the Curriculum Resource Kit – http://www.brookes.ac.uk/services/cci/resourcekit.html
University of Sheffield – Internationalising the Curriculum – Curriculum Design – Toolkit
This toolkit provides some useful information, links and case studies.
Internationalising the Curriculum – http://www.shef.ac.uk/lets/toolkit/curriculum/international
Liverpool John Moores – Internationalising the Curriculum: A toolkit
This toolkit contains staff profiles, useful practical suggestions for activities and reflection.
Leeds Metropolitan University – Internationalisation Good Practice
This provides a useful list of organisations and resources.
Victoria University Melbourne – Internationalising the Curriculum Toolkit 2011
This is an updated version of the Internationalising the Curriculum Toolkit prepared by Carolyn Woodley and Amanda Pearce in 2007, reflecting current research and directions in internationalising curricula.
The Higher Education Academy: Internationalising Higher Education Toolkit
This provides a wide range of resources and information to support the internationalising HE.
Internationalising Higher Education Toolkit – https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/enhancement/toolkits/internationalising-higher-education-toolkit
NUS – Internationalisation Toolkit
Devised in 2012 this is a useful framework and setting out some clear principles which could equally apply to the student experience of University.
Internationalisation Toolkit – http://nussl.ukmsl.net/internationalisation/he-toolkit/sections/
Inclusive Practice Toolkit – SHU Teaching Essentials
This Teaching Essentials Toolkit also has a section on International Students. It provides links to a number of resources from across the sector.
Inclusive Practice Toolkit – http://blogs.shu.ac.uk/ip/teaching/international-students/
Ten Tips for Teaching International Students
Ten ways to Internationalise the student experience
Philip Warwick, The York Management School – Ten Tips for Teaching International Students
Plagiarism: A Good Practice Guide – JISC (Joint Information Systems Committee).
A comprehensive and practical guide to teaching strategies and administrative procedures that aim to prevent, identify and address plagiarism.
Carroll, J. and Appleton J. (2001) Plagiarism: a good practice guide. Bristol: JISC (Joint Information Systems Committee) – http://www.plagiarismadvice.org/resources/institutional-approaches/item/carroll-goodpractice-2
Supporting International Students in New Cultures of Learning
This extensive, interactive resource explores some of the problems encountered by international students studying in UK universities, and then suggest several ways in which learning support might be delivered. There are activities and links to portfolios which consider: 1. debates concerning cultures of learning 2. case studies of supporting international students 3. research concerning international students.
Supporting International Students in New Cultures of Learning – https://www.llas.ac.uk//materialsbank/mb080/LO_3/Cultures_of_learning3.html#ref6
Enhancing Induction and Orientation for International Students
This site provides some useful examples and resources for staff to consider as they look to develop and improve their short- or longer-term induction or orientation programmes.
Enhancing Induction and Orientation – https://blogs.shu.ac.uk/ei/
Global People – University of Warwick
This is an online resource focused on developing intercultural awareness and competence aimed at HE practitioners working on international projects.
Global People – http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/cross_fac/globalpeople
This report by Simon Sweeney published by the HEA and British Council makes excellent recommendations on implementing mobility schemes.
Questions to consider when developing an Internationalised Curriculum
The Subject Area
In relation to your subject area, student population and professional context, you should consider:
- What would internationalised programme aims look like?
- How would an internationalised curriculum be reflected in assessment criteria?
Knowledge on the Course:
In what ways does the course seek to link issues of cross-cultural capability, diversity and global perspectives to employability?
- inclusion of international perspectives, case studies, sources, from students;
- an understanding of how the subject area and associated professions relate to the global context;
- skills for living and working with people from other countries and cultures;
- attitudes and values which might be associated with a ‘global citizen’ – a global ethic;
- approaches to assessment and feedback, learning and teaching which are inclusive, equitable, and able to recognise alternative world views.
Experience at Course Level:
- How does the course encourage students to be curious beyond their own cultural boundaries?
- How can students be supported to critically consider their attitudes, prejudices, stereotypes and ethnocentrism?
- How are students supported to address the emotional responses of being faced with new intercultural settings, e.g. discomfort, frustration, anxiety/fear/, chauvinism?
- What is the role of PPD in developing cross-cultural communication skills for home students and linguistic and cultural awareness for those taking part in international visits?
- Are international exchanges and placements aboard possible? Where do students go? What would help?
- Could you develop online or video conferencing with students in another country?
- If not what opportunities can be created for internationalisation at home, such as student tutor or mentoring tandem learning, learning from international students?
Experience beyond Course Level:
How is a student from this course prepared to interact with/benefit from/contribute to diversity in the world beyond the university?
- What parallel to programme aspects (e.g. volunteering) might develop students re cultural competency skills? How could these be integrated into programmes?
- How can you use existing initiatives such as Venture Matrix, International Student Support, clubs and societies and the Students’ Union to develop intercultural understanding?
International Network at SHU
This web site is designed to support a community of practice within the University which will generate and promote internationalisation. The aim of International Network is to update you about coming events, publications and research and connect you with other colleagues and their projects, ideas and knowledge.
International Network at SHU – https://blogs.shu.ac.uk/interculturalskillsforemployability/
Internationalisation of the Curriculum
A comparison and evaluation of definitions of internationalisation by David Hall
Internationalisation of the Curriculum – http://tne.curtin.edu.au/local/documents/definitions_internationalisation.pdf
Sheffield Hallam University – Internationalising the Curriculum Exercises
Two exercises for course teams to use to focus their ideas.