Seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education
In 1987 Arthur Chickering and Zelda Gamson produced seven principles for good practice. An examination of these principles provides a sound basis for developing an engaging learner-centred curriculum. They are explored throughout this toolkit and listed here. Adaptations have been made of the principles which continue to be relevant to good teaching.
- Good Practice Encourages Student-Faculty Contact
- Good Practice Encourages Cooperation among Students
- Good Practice Encourages Active Learning
- Good Practice Gives Prompt Feedback
- Good Practice Emphasizes Time on Task
- Good Practice Communicates High Expectations
- Good Practice Respects Diverse Talents and Ways of Learning
Chickering, & Gamson. (1989). Seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education. Biochemical Education, 17(3), 140-141. Available online
Chickering, Arthur W., & Gamson, Zelda F. (1999). Development and Adaptations of the Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 75-81.
Chickering, A., & Gamson, Z. (2001, April 01). Implementing the seven principles of good practice in undergraduate education: Technology as lever. Accounting Education News, pp. 9-10.