Examples of corroborating sources


Below are lists of examples of corroborating sources taken from high scoring impact case studies submitted to REF20214. The lists are purely illustrative and appropriate corroborating sources are not limited to these examples.

Indicative list of corroborating sources used to support high-scoring ICS in REF2014: Main Panel A – Medicine, health and life sciences


External reports and reviews Letters or statements from: Other
Citing of research in Department of Health guidance

Reference to research in NHS report

Reference to research in EMA guidelines

Reference to research in MRC strategy document

Reference to research in parliamentary committee call for evidence; researcher called to give evidence

UK, European and US professional association reports corroborating uptake of procedure (including quantitative evidence)

NICE guidance / recommendation

MHRA advice

Acknowledgement of research in NHS patient booklet

Reference to research in Royal College guidelines

Reports corroborating uptake of procedure (including quantitative evidence)

Reference to research in NGO / WHO / OECD report

DoH White Paper

Minster’s speech

Charity / company CEO

A patient

Department of Health (DoH) Medical Director to all NHS Trust Chief Executives

UNICEF programme director

Company CEO verifying licence sales and reach of intervention

CDC Division Head

Zimbabwe Ministry of Health & Child Welfare

Chair of WHO workshop

EU Principal Scientific Officer (DG Research & Innovation)



Commissioning of UK-wide training by NHS

Company press releases Regulatory authority press release

Reference to research on national disease management programme websites

Media reports/coverage

Contributions to online childcare guidance on baby product company website

Authored articles for magazines

YouTube links to broadcast TV programmes

Treatment licences in countries other than the UK

Legal judgement (on a patent)

Product licence Government-produced education material

Documentary film (and film sales)



Indicative list of corroborating sources used to support high-scoring ICS in REF2014: Main Panel B – Physical sciences, engineering and mathematics


External reports and reviews Letters or statements from Other
Market share analysis

Transaction standards documents

Approval of standards

Company annual report and accounts

Company financial information provided by London Stock Exchange

NICE cost impact and commissioning assessment

Government figures estimating costs where technique not used, thus corroborating cost savings of use of technique

Highways Agency advice notes (co-authored by researchers)

Company website detailing products and services

Company data on market penetration

Royal Society Exhibition

Data from International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers enabling evaluation of CO2 reduction

CEO/Managing Director

Cabinet Office

Government Digital Service

Consultant cardiologist

Clinical Commissioning Group

Philips Healthcare and Siemens Healthcare

Group Executive Vice President (International Mistras Group Ltd)

Company engineering manager (confirming revenue increase)

Nokia Siemens Networks (confirming development time and costs savings)


Media coverage

Company press releases

Download statistics


Income to University (through licensing agreement)

Product/process technical notes

Government Computing Network blog entry

User survey confirming adoption levels

Presentation to Association of European Paediatric Cardiology

Presentation to industry seminar

Authored articles for magazines

YouTube links to broadcast TV programmes

Indicative list of corroborating sources used to support high-scoring ICS in REF2014: Main Panel C – Social Sciences


External reports and reviews Letters or statements from: Other
IMF policy guide

Foundation submission to the Comprehensive Spending Review

House of Commons Science and Technology Committee, Memoranda Written Evidence

Technology Strategy Board ‘Prospectus’

Government Strategy and implementation plan, both issued by Cabinet Office

House of Commons Public Administration Select Committee report

NGO lobby group ‘White Paper’

Financial Reporting Advisory Board minutes and associated papers

Minutes of Social Security Advisory Committee

Minutes of the UKBiobank Ethics and Governance Council

Report to All Party Parliamentary Committee

Speech by Secretary of State

General Teaching Council for England Teaching Quality: Policy Papers

National Foundation for Educational Research report

NICE public health guidance

County Durham Interim Cycling Strategy

Sustrans summary report

White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity: Report to the President

Policy Statement of the British Society of Echocardiography

Member of Stern Review on Climate Change

Deputy Director, PM Office of Climate Change

Senior Economist, HM Treasury

US Environmental Protection Agency

Senior civil servant, DWP

Director, UK Stem Cell Bank

Programme Director and Director of Communications, NHS Screening Programme

Public Health Wales

Email correspondence with DWP employees

Director of Education, Bidayaat, Abu Dhabi

Department for Education representative

President-Elect, National Council of Supervisors of Mathematics (USA)

Executive Director, Education and Skills, Human Sciences Research Council of South Africa

Head of Section, TVET, UNESCO

Head of Qualifications at the Skills Funding Agency

Director (Health), Sustrans

Director of the CRY Centre, St George’s Hospital

Consultant cardiologist

Director of Medicine, International Olympic Committee

BIS press release

Media coverage

Report for the NIH research service delivery and organisation programme

OECD Public Management Committee Annual meeting hand-out

Feedback on training workshops

Race Equality Foundation fact sheet

NHS information leaflets

Instructions for administration and use of researcher developed system issued to schools by Northern Ireland Department for Education

Google Analytics report

Ofsted survey report

Local Authority websites pointing schools to researcher-developed resource

Institute for Government award

Sales figures (for new product)




Indicative list of corroborating sources used to support high-scoring ICS in REF2014: Panel D subjects – Arts & Humanities


External reports and reviews Letters or statements from: Other
Public art project interpretation leaflet

National Assembly of Wales Policy Review

Library of Wales Educational Resource Pack

Visitor Attractions Trends in England Annual Report

Amendments to Parliamentary Bills

Arts Council England report

Arts Council production development grant

AHRC case study

JISC-funded survey report

Royal Aeronautical Society report for the House of Commons Select Committee

Council strategy

Educational resource made available through Open Learn from the Open University

Parliamentary Post Note

Press release by Korean foundation for the advancement of science and creativity


Chief Executive, Historic Royal Palaces

Chief of the General Staff, British Army

Chief Executive, Combat Stress UK

Chief Instructor, Armed Forces Chaplaincy Centre

Director, RAAF Air Power Development Centre

Home Office

Children’s Minister

DfE Director of Children’s Services

Bishop of London

Director, Live Art Development Agency

Creative Producer, Arts House, Melbourne

Associate Director, National Theatre

Deputy Head of Festivals, BFI Southbank

Director of Arts, British Council

ACE Executive Director London & South East

Director, The Human Trafficking Foundation

Dossier of industry reaction

Critical reviews

Book group transcripts

Website statistics

Family history group blog

Audience feedback

Project user feedback

File of exhibition visitor book, Twitter, Facebook and blog comments

Press and online coverage

Media articles

Independent reviews

Viewing figures, dossier of audience feedback and press reviews

Lecture series evaluation questionnaires

Sale of TV series overseas, plus DVD and book sales figures

Creative work (eg poetry chapbook) inspired by project


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